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La Gran Vista Agroecological Farm, San Isidro del General, Costa Rica
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Project Overview La Gran Vista Agroecological Farm, Costa Rica www.lagranvista.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org phone number (306) 357 96 88 or 200 54 63 Contact Information: Local Contact: Name: Ing. Donald Villalobos, Finca la Gran Vista Tel: (506) 357-9688, 200 54 63 Email: email@example.com Web Site: www.lagranvista.com Address: El Peje de Repunta de P?rez Zeled?n, 300 metros Sur de la Escuela, Costa Rica, Central Am?rica. Background of the Organization: With stunning views of El Valle de General and Costa Rica?s tallest mountains, including Mount Chirripo, La Gran Vista Agricultural Ecological Farm is well named. It is situated in the county of Perez Zeledon, three hours south of San Jose, the capital of Costa Rica, in an area of outstanding natural beauty. Protected forests, sublime beaches and fabulous waterfalls can all be found nearby. Finca La Gran Vista was established on January 16, 2001, as a non-profit project with the aim of spreading awareness of environmentally sustainable agricultural methods to other farmers in the region. It is intended to provide an example for other farms of how the following practices can be employed successfully: ? Organic farming; ? Soil regeneration and conservation; ? Natural herbicides; ? Natural pesticides; and ? Enhancement of the natural environment. The manager of the project, Donald Villalobos, is an agricultural engineer who has worked with the Ministry of Agriculture for over 31 years and has seen first hand how traditional farming practices have contributed to habitat degradation in Costa Rica. To bring about change in the way agriculture is practised, it must be demonstrated to the farmers that the new practices are superior to those currently in use. In an effort to foster this kind of change, Donald has set about creating an ecologically friendly farm that uses the land sustainably; in doing so, he has virtually eliminated soil erosion on his property. The finca receives volunteers regularly throughout the year from across the world, and particularly from the USA, Canada, England and Australia. Their involvement is invaluable to the development of the farm and to the fulfillment of the main goals Donald has set. Over the years the finca has been fortunate enough to receive volunteers from English and Amarican companies, foreign students at Spanish language schools in Costa Rica and ecology students. Notable recent achievements include constructing an electic fence, digging a frog pond, excavating a special site to produce natural biogas, replanting grass, constructing a spacious living area for volunteers at the front of the main building, constructing terraces, planting trees and repainting the school and church in the community, El Peje. The farm is run by a family of five: Xinia, Donald, Max, Larry, and Terry. Finca La Gran Vista is twelve acres in extent, and accommodates horses, chickens, ducks, medicinal plants, fruit trees, grass for forage, several crop species, spring-water wells, an area of rainforest, red worm composting for soil regeneration, and a pond. Background of the Project: Soil erosion is a serious problem for farmers in tropical regions. Farming practices that are inappropriate to the local climate and ecology often result in loss of soil fertility, to the extent that the land can no longer support agricultural use. When this occurs, the farmer typically clears an adjacent area of rainforest to grow his crops. Once the forest canopy has been cleared, the bare topsoil is vulnerable to being washed away by the wet season?s heavy rains, and the cycle of soil loss is repeated. In addition to degrading the terrestrial habitat, ecologically inappropriate farming practices also contribute to the destruction of coral reefs, since the eroded topsoil is eventually carried by rivers to the sea. The silt settles on the reefs and literally smothers them. The main aim of this project is to provide a working example of a farm that operates in a sustainable manner, removing the need to clear new areas of forest. Each volunteer task has been specially chosen and rigourously prepared to help ingrain the values of the farm and the ethos it engenders ? that is, maximizing farm production in a highly sustainable, ecological way. Specifically, the goals of the project are: 1. Soil conservation measures (construction of terraces, planting of soil-binding grasses); 2. Pasture rehabilitation and fence construction; 3. Vegetable cultivation in raised beds; 4. Treatment of structural wood in the farm buildings to protect from termites; 5. Construction and subsequent maintenance of greenhouses; 6. Planting of fruit-bearing trees; 7. Reforestation of trees native to the area; 8. Sharing of ideas with visiting local farmers; 9. Sharing of ideas with visiting local children and foreign students on ecological school tours; 10. Managing free-range poultry; 11. Cultivation of the Californian Red Worm for the enrichment of organic fertilizers; 12. Showing visitors the multiple uses that certain plants have, as treatment for both human health and plant welfare; 13. Fabrication of composts using materials grown on the farm; 14. Participation with the volunteers in different developmental activities within the community, such as the refurbishment of infrastructure (school, church, road, Gran Vista living area, etc) 15. Involving the volunteers in activites that allow for a greater appreciation of Costa Rican culture. Information about the Zone. The area in which the project is situated has certain geomorphological characteristics. For instance, the soils belong to the Ultisoles order, class VI in the Capacidad de Uso classification, whose traits include an argilic surface with 20% clay content, less than 35% base saturation, generally deep, well drained, low in fertility and red in colour. The soil comes from sedimentary volcanic rock and the soil type varies from ?brechas? to ?areniscas? from the ?cuaternario? period. The zone has four dry months and five hours of sunshine, the life zone is humid, tropical forest with ?Transici?n a premontano? and the annual precipitation measures at 2500mm each year. Coffee, livestock and sugar cane production remain the zone?s most viable sources of income. The county of P?rez Zeled?n has a population of 200,000 and its main city is San Isidro de El General. For information on species you may come across in the zone, please refer to the list of mammals, butterflies and birds attached (Annex 1) Map showing where the Gran Vista is. Volunteer Work: A typical daily schedule will be as follows: ? 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. Work ? 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. Break ? 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. Work ? 11.30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Lunch ? 1:30 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Work The work will include construction, feeding the animals, planting seeds, soil conservation, maintenance of medical plants, using and producing organic fertilizer, maintaining the spring-water wells, and harvesting crops. Each morning you will find a whiteboard with the day?s tasks, which will be assigned by Donald The work is at times challenging, but volunteers have invariably found it stimulating and rewarding. Please respect the instructions of the staff, and leave tools such as shovels and hammers clean and in their correct places inside the tool shed, along with boots or work shoes. There are several projects on which the volunteers will be working while at Finca La Gran Vista. They include: ? Soil remediation. The pasture area on the farm is heavily degraded, with little natural vegetation and substantial areas of bare soil. Unwanted grass species currently there will need to be removed, the soil prepared for grass plugs (lots of digging), and then the plugs will need to be planted by hand. In addition, Donald installed an electric fence, which, apart from the wiring, was done by the volunteers. Every so often, volunteers will need to help trim down any weeds tangled in the wires and to restore a safe distance between the wires, to prevent them from intertwining. Moreover, each year, volunteers sow seeds in patches of soil where plants don?t already grow. ? Medicinal herb plot. There is currently a medicinal herb plot with approximately 75 plants, for the production of natural shampoos, insect repellents, and herbal remedies. This will be a labor-intensive job requiring grass removal from the new lot, soil preparation, and transplanting the herbs by hand. In the future, Donald plans to harvest, prune, fertilise and process the plants for the finca?s, and sometimes even for the volunteers?, consumption. The volunteers will also help process plants for the production of tea leaves, using a wood mill constructed on the farm. ? Solar dryer. Future volunteers will help with the construction of a solar dryer, a structure covered with a special type of plastic to gauge the ideal temperature to dry medicinal plants. ? Terrace construction and maintenance. The farm maintains a terrace system on the land in order to slow erosion and prevent soil loss. There is a need for more terraces to be built, as well as some renovation of the older terraces, particularly in the orchard area. In addition, volunteers will help by planting Vetiver grass (a species with soil-binding properties) above the terraces; another activity in which the volunteers can participate is the preservation of the terraces, from raking leaves to moving loose soil. ? Vegetable plot. Volunteers will learn how to plant and cultivate a variety of vegetables organically, including tomatoes, beans, lettuce, radishes, chiles, and cilantro. This part of the project will also tie in with compost production, for which the farm uses California Red Worms. ? Biogas production. The farm currently cooks using propane and wood as fuels. The energy source Donald favours the most, however, and the one that the finca is building towards, is natural biogas (methane). Since the volunteer-assisted construction of a specially excavated site that produces it, Donald hopes that, in the near future, biogas will act as the finca?s sole source of energy. As volunteers undertake their project, they will have a chance to learn about an alternative energy source and how it works. ? Termite-proofing. The house and shop were built by the family, with trees that Donald and Xinia planted over ten years ago. These structures need to be protected from attack by insects, especially termites. The volunteers will apply a protective wood treatment to both structures. This is an annual process Donald and Xinia have carried out since the finca?s construction. ? Frog pond. There is a worldwide decline in amphibians, one of the major causes of which is the decimation of wetland areas. As such, a frog pond, stocked with natural plants and native frog species, has recently been dug, an innovation of the finca volunteers are very much encouraged to help maintain and safeguard. ? Fish Pond. To get protein on the diet, La Gran Vista Staff are growing ? Tilapia fish?, now are starting a new lot of fish. ? Cabins for volunteers and visitors. To accommodate for the growing number of visitors to the finca, plans are afoot to construct more wood cabins close to the neighbouring forest, providing an ideal spot for volunteers and nature enthusiasts alike. Volunteers will therefore be involved in its construction, cutting wood, painting, mixing cement, digging and decorating. ? Other tasks. Although the above projects take priority, there are other tasks on which the volunteers can lend a hand, including cutting and chopping wood for the kitchen stove. If the students are interested, they can help Xinia to make natural shampoo and/or insect repellent from herbs one evening. In addition, there will be several other duties essential to the farm. For instance, the chickens and ducks require food and water every morning, and their eggs need to be collected. Another possiblilty is feeding the animals (chickens, horses, cows), milking the cow and making cheese or yoghurt. You will need to be reasonably fit for some of the work. Donald and Larry work very hard, but their patience and sense of humour make for a cheerful working atmosphere. Volunteers will not have to work very early in the morning nor late at night. The working schedule, though intense, is intended to be exhilarating, not exhausting. Please Note: Given the nature of conservation/community development volunteer work, there are often numerous circumstances out of our control (e.g. the weather, relying on materials to be delivered in time, etc). Please understand that we will do our absolute best to keep tasks as described in project overview however if changes do need to be made we thank you in advance for your cooperation, flexibility and positive attitude. Transportation: Upon arrival in Costa Rica. Once in San Jos?, volunteers take a three hour bus to San Isidro ( Tracopa Company, back from La Coca Cola Bus Station), stopping next to the Super Weber supermarket in a village called Repunta (15 minutes out of San Isidro). From there, volunteers will be picked up and driven to Finca La Gran Vista. In terms of trips into town from the finca itself, the local bus runs every hour to and from the nearby town of San Isidro, from a bus stop twenty-five minutes walking distance from the project site. Coming back from the town, volunteers in the past have found it easier to take a taxi all the way back up to the finca (about 5000 colones); the bus back is a cheaper option, but the walk from the bus stop is a good 40 minutes uphill. Accommodation: The volunteers will stay with the host family in a rustic cabin. There are four rooms set aside for the students, with two bunk beds in each, also there are a open place to set Camping Tends with room for six peoples or more. Another set of cabins is soon to be constructed at the edge of the forest, two hundred metres from the main finca building. The finca is generally well-equipped, with hot showers and electric power sources in bedrooms. The volunteers are expected to keep their rooms clean, including the bathroom and kitchen. Xinia will provide cleaning materials. Guests are welcome to use the washing machine, as long as they are careful not to overload it. Xinia can provide the soap, but please use it sparingly. All waste can be recycled (apart from sanitary waste- please use the bin provided in the bathroom for this). Toilet paper must go into the bins marked ?papel? in the bathroom, not down the toilet. Meals: The host family will cook all the meals except on the days off. The meals will consist of simple Costa Rican food, and will include a lot of cooked rice and beans. Volunteers can even learn how to process, and help drink, La Gran Vista?s very own house wine, a sweet concoction that always goes down smooth. With the large number of guests staying, Xinia will need a little help in the kitchen, and so each volunteer will help with food preparation for a day. This will give them a chance to practice their Spanish, learn a bit about typical Tico cuisine, make frescos, and possibly cook with biogas. We ask that everyone help with the dishes after lunch and supper- it goes much faster with a little bit of help. The best and fairest way to manage this is for the group leader to organize small groups of three who take it in turns to wash up after each meal. If you have special dietary needs, please let the La Gran Vista office know ahead of time. Please remember that vegetarianism is not the norm in Costa Rica, but simple requests for no meat can easily be honored. Don?t expect veggie lasagna or soymilk, but you will enjoy lots of salad, fruit, eggs, cheese, rice and beans. Volunteers are welcome to store their own food in the refrigerator, but please remember that space is limited. Banks, stores and communication (e.g. internet, public phones): Public phones and e-mail access are available in the nearby town of San Isidro (twenty minutes away), as are banks (Banex exchanges American Express traveller?s cheques for free) and 24-hour electronic cashpoints. Free Time: There are many activities for students in their free time, from relaxing in a hammock, to enjoying the local scenery and exploring the local area. Donald organizes regular tours to various sights of interest, including the hot springs in San Gerardo de Rivas ; horse riding, taught by Donald?s youngest son Terry; and visits to the nearby waterfall and beach. At the local school, a ten minute walk away, there is a decent-sized football pitch with proper metal goalposts where ?mejengas? (huge, frantic games of football, usually about twenty-a-side) often take place. Volunteers are warmly welcomed to join in whenever there?s a game (you can see the pitch, and thus when children are playing, from the finca!) If volunteers choose to participate in any activities during their free time, all costs associated with that activity (e.g. transport, tickets, etc.) are the responsibility of the volunteers, not Finca la Gran Vista . Also, any meals missed during free time activities cannot be reimbursed. Health and Safety: Costa Rica has very good health services, and the nearest clinic is in Palmares, about ten minutes away. There is also a large hospital about twenty minutes away, in San Isidro. Temperatures range from 87-97? F during the day, dropping to 82-86? F at night. Expect daily showers in the afternoons during your stay. All students must carry a comprehensive medical insurance policy; in addition, participants are encouraged to consult a travel clinic and/or their personal physician to discuss recommended immunizations for Costa Rica. We encourage every participant to be up to date on his/her tetanus shot (good for 10 years). La Gran Vista has never had problems with malaria or cholera of the area where project are located, though these are both present in Costa Rica. Dengue is most prominent during the rainy season. The U.S. Center for Disease Control provides tips about how to stay healthy while in Costa Rica, as well as recommendations for immunizations (www.cdc.gov ). We also suggest that you bring basic medicine for headaches, diarrhea, stomach aches, and mosquito bites (a strong anti-itch cream). Remember to bring any prescription medications you will need as well as any over-the-counter medicines such as aspirin, Tylenol, etc. you?d normally take. Most over-the-counter pharmacy products are readily available in San Jos? and can be bought before going to the project site, though it is best to arrive with most of what you will need. One of the most common, yet preventable, ailments of visitors to the tropics is dehydration. Water is treated in Costa Rica; however, some people may experience slight stomach upset when they first arrive in the country. To be safe, you may want to buy bottled water or boil water for your water bottles in the mornings or at night. Whatever you do, just be sure to drink lots of water every day to avoid getting dehydrated, especially on working days! Should you get diarrhea, please inform the coordinator immediately- usually the problem resolves itself in one or two days. Wash your hands frequently, rest as necessary, and drink lots of liquids. The sun is another important health factor to consider- you can burn in the tropics even on cloudy days, so always use sunblock (SPF 30+) and a hat, and drink plenty of water. Moderate to severe sunburns are not uncommon among visitors and volunteers, yet they are completely preventable. Please be cautious in the sun: a severe sunburn can quickly ruin your trip. Blisters and mild abrasions are common when doing outdoor work. Mosquitoes are present at dusk and into the night, so use repellant after sunset. You may also want to sleep under a fine-meshed mosquito net. All participants are strongly advised to use a flashlight when walking anywhere at night, as a precaution to avoid stepping on a snake. While working, boots (not sandals) should be worn. If you are allergic to insect bites or stings, work in long pants and long-sleeved shirts. Volunteers will need permission from Donald to use machetes or electrical machines. Always follow all the safety protocols and guidelines. Donald?s eldest son Max has a Red Cross First Aid certificate, should there be an emergency on the farm. General Requirements: Bring a positive, hard-working attitude. Volunteers must have their own comprehensive medical insurance, plus some sort of travel insurance, including a cancellation policy. No alcohol is allowed on the farm; if you go out into the community to have a beer, please respect the wishes of your project host family and don?t drink to excess. Smoking is allowed only in designated areas outdoors. The community has only a limited amount of water, so please use it sparingly (i.e. one shower per day, one laundry wash per week). What to Bring: ? Light rain jacket (rain pants optional); ? Sun block SPF 30+ (can be purchased in San Jose upon arrival in Costa Rica); ? Calamine lotion (or other anti-itch cream)/after-sun cream; ? Insect repellent (can be purchased in San Jos? upon arrival in Costa Rica); ? Personal toiletries (biodegradable products where possible) and prescription medication; ? Rubber boots (can be purchased in San Jos? upon arrival in Costa Rica); ? Camera with extra film/memory cards; ? Headlamp (or flashlight) with spare batteries; ? Basic First Aid kit (including treatments for blisters, minor cuts, muscle aches, and insect bites); ? Mosquito net for sleeping under (can be purchased in San Jos? upon arrival in Costa Rica); ? Re-usable water bottle; ? Long-sleeved shirts and long pants for work that can get dirty; ? Lightweight beach clothing, swimsuit and pack-towel; ? Tee shirts, shorts, capris (casual clothing- quick dry if possible); ? Sleeping sheets or lightweight sleeping bag; ? Work gloves (can be purchased in San Jos? upon arrival in Costa Rica); ? Sandals or flip flops to wear inside; ? Sun hat/ball cap, bandana; ? Notebook, pens, pencils. ? Lots of reading material, cards, travel games, MP3 player, etc. Please note: Electrical appliances (eg. Cameras, MP3 players) can be charged up at power sources in the dormitories, so do bring any necessary chargers and electrical adaptors you may need. Also, if there are any pieces of working clothing, footwear, books, etc. you no longer want or can?t fit into your bag at the end of the project, Donald very much appreciates anything you may wish to ?donate? to the finca. Of course, the project warmly welcomes any monetary donations, which can be sent to the address on the title page. Anexo 1 The following are species of mammals in the area: Caluromys derbianus zorro de balsa Philander opossum zorro cuatro ojos Caluromys derbianus zorro de balsa Philander opossum zorro cuatro ojos Tamandua mexicana oso hormiguero Bradypus variegatus perica ligera Choloepus hoffmanni perica ligera Dasypus novemcinctus cusuco Sciurus granatensis ardilla Sciurus variegatoides chiza Coendou mexicanus puercoesp?n Dasyprocta punctata guatusa Cuniculus paca tepezcuintle Canis latrans Coyote Nasua narica pizote Potos flavus martilla Procyon lotor mapach?n Conepatus semistriatus zorrillo hediondo Eira barbara tolomuco Galictis vittata tej?n Leopardos wiedii** caucel The following are some of the birds you might see in the area: Ramphocelus passerinii* Sargento Thraupis episcopus* Viuda Atlapetes atricapillus Salt?n Atlapetes brunneinuchus** Salt?n Passerina ciris Siete colores Carduelos xanthogastra Mozotillo Quiscalus mexicanus* Zanate Diglosia plumbea Pinchaflor Turdus grayi* Yig?irro Thryorchilus browni Soterrey Riparia riparia Golondrina Myiozetetes granadensis Pecho amarillo
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